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Humans cannot produce two essential fatty acids, Omega-3s called Alpha-Linoleic Acid (ALA) and Omega-6s called Linoleic Acid. ALA is found in flaxseed and other foods, while Linoleic Acid is found in virtually all vegetable oils and processed foods. The most important essential fatty acids for humans to get directly from the diet are DHA and EPA, which can be found in fish and grass-fed beef. Transcript: "Which essential fatty acids, can't humans produce will lose to one is an omega-3 and one is an omega-6 to omega-3 is called Alpha linoleic acid. A l.a. it's found in things like flaxseed and the other one is called linoleic acid. Now, there is zero chance that you're not getting enough linoleic acid in your diet, it's in every vegetable oil and seed, oil, soybean oil, and safflower oil, sunflower oil, and corn oil, and every processed food in the world. We get Sons of La, we don't get tons of a la. So that is a very important thing to try to get from the diet. But the way we talk about the word essential in real life means it's really vitally needed. And I would apply that to DHA and EPA which of the two fatty acids that are found naturally in fish. And also to some extent grass-fed beef, those to DHA and EPA are the ones that do all the great stuff you You technically can make them from a la, which is why they say alaa is essential, and you have to get it from the diet, but your body does a lousy job of it. The conversion is awful. So it's really in my opinion essential to get plenty of EPA and DHA directly from the diet and things like fish oil. Again, the conversion is possible which is why they say. You got to get your EST LA because otherwise, you won't get DHA and EPA. But I would argue you should probably Only try to get your EPA and DHA directly. So you don't have to worry about this very inefficient conversion process."
Alcohol can have a negative effect on testosterone, with 15 drinks a week having the biggest impact. However, if you stop drinking, the effect should be reversible. Transcript: "What is alcohols effect on testosterone? Well, it's not great. There are three glands involved in making testosterone the hypothalamus, the pituitary and the testes and alcohol, kind of depresses the activity of all three. Now, the question is how much alcohol we talking about? Generally the point at which it starts to get up to be a problem is around 15 drinks a week. So if you're under that you're doing for a man, two drinks a day, Maximum you probably. Okay but right around where it gets to be a little more than that. You do get a depressive effect on testosterone. The good news is it's reversible if you stop drinking."
For a 13 year old boy diagnosed with PANS two years ago, I would recommend our Kids Fundamentals program, which is designed to work on the gut-brain axis and address all the underlying causes of the condition. Transcript: "So the question is, any recommendations for a 13 year old boy diagnosed with PANS, P-A-N-S, two years ago? We have tried many treatments. So PANS, for people who aren't aware of that, stands for Pediatric Acute Onset Neuropsychiatric Syndrome, right? A big long name, luckily we can call it PANS. There's a subcategory of PANS that's sometimes called PANDAS, which is Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders Associated with Streptococcal Infections. And so a lot of times, either PANS or PANDAS is this rapid onset post-viral syndrome where you get a strep infection, usually happens in kids, that's why it's called pediatric, get a strep infection, and almost overnight, the kid's personality completely change. They develop anxiety, they might develop depression, they develop what looks like OCD, obsessive compulsive disorder. They really, really completely change almost immediately. It's like parents who have children going through this, it's a terrible situation, the parents will say that it's almost like the children have become possessed, right? They're completely different. We know that this is something that's related to the immune system, we know there's an inflammatory aspect, we know there's a gut microbiome aspect. And so what I like to do in those situations is recommend an entire gut-brain axis system. We have a program for adults called Fundamentals, we have a program for children called Kids Fundamentals, and that I think would be the best place to start."
Resveratrol is a plant chemical found in dark grapes, red wine, and peanuts. It has been shown to activate the same genes as calorie restriction, making it a potential anti-aging compound. It has also been found to help with inflammation, oxidation, and insulin resistance. While it can be beneficial, it should not be seen as a cure-all and should not be taken in place of other healthy lifestyle habits. Transcript: "What's the story with this spiritual? So we spiritual is a plant chemical. It's in the classification called flavonoids. And it's found in the skins of dark grapes in red wine to some extent and peanuts and it got really famous and got on the health radar of lots and lots of people who don't normally know about flavonoids because it got known as an anti-aging substance and why is that? Because there's a lot of research showing that calorie. Extends lifespan in every species that's been studied. The only problem is calorie restrictions allow Z strategy. If you're a human being, it's not a lot of fun to eat one third less calories. And what they found was that Resveratrol actually activates the same genes are called the search engines sirt that calorie restriction does and that's where it got its reputation is being such a wonderful anti-aging compound. In the years since it was discovered. It's also been found to help with a lot of other things like inflammation and oxidation and possibly lowering insulin resistance. So it's a really nice little thing to include in your diet. You don't have to start drinking wine to get it. It is one of the benefits of red wine, but it's not necessary to go to Wine to get it. You can get it from, as I said, dark grapes. You can also get it from supplements. I think. The only problem with Resort all is, it's been oversold. So people think that if you take it, everything's going to To be, okay? You're going to live a million years and you're not going to have diabetes and all the rest of the stuff. It is one building block. It is a useful supplement to take. I recommended it many times but it's not my top three. It's a useful additive to your routine if you're thinking about taking it."
Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCTs) are a type of fat made up of chains of carbon ranging from 2-12. MCTs convert energy quickly and can be found in coconut oil as well as MCT oil. C12 is the highest number of carbons in the medium chain triglyceride group and it behaves more like a long chain fatty acid. Transcript: "What a medium chain triglycerides. Also known as MCTS. Well, OK, triglycerides are fats and 98 or 99% of the vet, they do eat. And that you store in your body is in the form of triglycerides. And and they are considered chains of carbons. And the carbon can be of a length of two or a length of 22 and the long chains are the ones up at the top of the list and the short Change, someone's in the bottom, and the medium change. The ones in the middle and they have either 6, 8, 10 or 12 carbon sound. Here's the thing. Think of it like buying cars, you have the cheap cars. You have the medium price cars and you have the expense of course. But the most expensive medium priced car is almost like the lowest priced expensive car right at the cusp of those categories. You've got some things that are right on the edge that kind of behave either way. Like the lowest price expensive car could be kind of like the most expensive medium car and that's the Thing with the medium chain triglyceride. So the highest number of carbons in the medium chain triglyceride. Group is C12 and that behaves a little bit more like a long chain fatty acid so it doesn't convert energy. Quite as quickly, doesn't convert to ketones quite as quickly, but it's very valuable in its own word. And you should know that, when you compare, for example, coconut oil to MCT oil because the proportions of those fatty acids are quite different, but for Definition purposes, the medium chain triglycerides are the for fatty acids that come right in the middle of that 2222 range. And they are carbon 66 C, 8C 10 and C12."
The answer to whether humans should consume dairy depends on the individual and their reaction to it. Dairy can be beneficial for many people, especially in its purest and least processed form. For those with allergies or who are sensitive to dairy, it is recommended to avoid it. Transcript: "Should humans be consuming Dairy that depends on the human. I absolutely don't think you can make a blanket statement to Gary. Doesn't belong in any human diet. It really depends. And what does it depend on? Well, number one you reaction to it. Dairy is technically one of the seven top allergens in our diet. So a lot of times with functional medicine and someone comes in, they've got certain symptoms, you're going to play with their diet, we very frequently, just make a blanket recommendation. By removing wheat and dairy because those are, you know, very, very frequently irritants of problems. For many people about 80% of us, don't have the enzyme necessary to digest milk. So, there are reasons that you might not have milk. Let's also be clear that Gary has really defined at least by the USDA is milk cheese and yogurt. It doesn't include things like cream or sour cream or even butter. They are not classified as Theory. So we're really talking mainly about milk and cheese and yogurt and there are good reasons. Reasons to consume things like yogurt. Particularly not that low fat, kind of the stuff with the fruit on the bottom, but you over to really yogurt, and kefir, a great foods are probiotics, they have a lot of good stuff for you and there is research. Look it up Darius, most of Aryan is the guy who did most of it that shows that dairy fat has a lot of really good healthful properties. So far from being the demon and the diet that we all need to aboard. There are a lot of good things to be said, both of our Dairy and dairy fat in, if you're one of the people who does not respond with blows or brain fog or any of the other common symptoms when people are sensitive to an ingredient food, It's also probably worth mentioning that many of the Paleo Societies or the ancestral, Health groups, and even the Western price foundation, very much recommend full-fat dairy in its purest and least processed form. So again the answer is, it depends."